17:48 04/06/2020

The Wage Gap For Latina Workers Is Still 54 Cents That’S Troubling.

It is difficult to know the exact number of Latino Americans self-identifying as Mestizo, in part because «Mestizo» is not an official racial category in the Census. According to the 2010 United States Census, 36.7% of the 52 million Hispanic/Latino Americans identify as «some other race», and most of the remainder consider themselves white. Further complicating matters is the fact that many federal agencies such as the CDC or CIA do not even recognize the «some other race» category, including this population in the white category.

Hispanic Americans are the second fastest-growing ethnic group by percentage growth in the United States after Asian Americans. Hispanics overall are the second-largest ethnic group in the United States, after non-Hispanic whites. After Native Americans, Hispanics are the oldest ethnic group to inhabit much of what is today the United States. Spain colonized large areas of what is today the American Southwest and West Coast, as well as Florida. Its holdings included present-day California, New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona and Texas, all of which were part of Mexico from its independence in 1821 from Spain until the end of the Mexican–American War in 1848.

Bauer HM, Rodriguez MA, Quiroga SS, Flores-Ortiz YG. Barriers to health care for abused Latina and Asian immigrant women. Alegría M, Canino G, Ríos R, Vera M, Calderón J, Rusch D, et al.

Lovato’s fourth studio album, Demi, was released on May 14, 2013. The album features influences of synthpop and bubblegum pop and was met with generally positive reviews from music critics. Although Jon Carmichael of The New York Times found Lovato’s transition fun, according to Entertainment Weekly it signified a less-mature image.

This definition, as «male Latin-American inhabitant of the United States», is the oldest and the original definition used in the United States, first used in 1946. Under this definition a Mexican American or Puerto Rican, for example, is both a Hispanic and a Latino. A Brazilian American is also a Latino by this definition, which includes those of Portuguese-speaking origin from Latin America. Similarly, and by the same reasoning, French-Americans, Italian-Americans and Romanian-Americans are also all considered Latino. 48.5% of the inhabitants of Los Angeles, California are of Hispanic origin.

Large numbers of Spaniard men settled in the region and married or forced themselves with the local women. The Natives were forced to adopted Spanish names, language, and religion, and in this way, the Lencas and Pipil women and children were Hispanicized.

This has been explained by the tendency for Hispanic women to continue breastfeeding for a longer amount of time. The word Latina is the feminine form of the word Latino, and represents strictly the female population of this ethnic group.

She also became the first female to place five albums at the same time on the Billboard 200 chart. The only other artists to have done this were Elvis Presley, The Beatles and Garth Brooks. Billboard wrote that the release of Dreaming of You was «a historic day in Latin music history». The album helped Selena to become the second-fastest selling female artist that year, behind Janet Jackson. Dreaming of You became the second-highest debut that year, behind Michael Jackson.

Disaggregating the white male premium and the Hispanic woman penalty for various subgroups of Hispanic women can help paint a fuller picture of wage gaps for Hispanic workers based on country of origin, immigration history, and education. This methodological approach demonstrates how white men and Hispanic women of different countries of origin are respectively advantaged and disadvantaged compared to other workers in the economy, while also facilitating a direct wage comparison between the two groups. The U.S. Census Bureau defines being Hispanic as an ethnicity, rather than a race, and thus people of this group may be of any race. In a 2015 national survey of self-identified Hispanics, 56% said that being Hispanic is part of both their racial and ethnic background, while smaller numbers considered it part of their ethnic background only (19%) or racial background only (11%). Hispanics may be of any linguistic background; in a 2015 survey, 71% of American Hispanics agreed that it «is not necessary for a person to speak Spanish to be considered Hispanic/Latino.» Hispanic people may share some commonalities in their language, culture, history, and heritage.

The biggest change in this census was in racial classification. Enumerators were instructed to no longer use the «Mulatto» classification.

El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. It is well into its demographic transition, experiencing slower population growth, a decline in its number of youths, and the gradual aging of its population. The increased use of family planning has substantially lowered El Salvador’s fertility rate, from approximately 6 children per woman in the 1970s to replacement level today. A 2008 national family planning survey showed that female sterilization remained the most common contraception method in El Salvador — its sterilization rate is among the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean — but that the use of injectable contraceptives is growing. Fertility differences between rich and poor and urban and rural women are narrowing.

Race And Ethnicity In The United States Census

What we’re starting to find is that lots of genetics is local, too,” Bustamante says. The Census and Our Flawed Efforts to Classify Americans (Princeton University Press; 2013) argues for dropping the race question from the census. The Census Bureau warns that data on race in 2000 census are not directly comparable to those collected in previous censuses.

In 2020, Lovato released the singles «Anyone» and «I Love Me», both becoming Lovato’s first number-one singles on Billboard’s Digital Songs chart. As for collaborations, Lovato was featured on the song «Solo» by British electronic music band Clean Bandit in 2018, which became an international hit, reaching number-one in 17 countries including the UK and became certified Platinum or higher in twelve countries.

«Technical Documentation for the Census 2000 Modified Race Data Summary File». In 2006, Time Magazine reported that the number of hate groups in the United States increased by 33 percent since 2000, primarily due to anti-illegal immigrant and anti-Mexican sentiment. According to Federal Bureau of Investigation statistics, the number of anti-Latino hate crimes increased by 35 percent since 2003 . In California, the state with the largest Latino population, the number of hate crimes against Latinos almost doubled. Unlike intermarriage with other racial groups, intermarriage with non-Hispanic Blacks varies by nationality of origin.

Inequalities in use of specialty mental health services among Latinos, African Americans, and non-Latino whites. Bonomi AE, Kernic MA, Anderson ML, Cannon EA, Slesnick N. Use of brief tools to measure depressive symptoms in women with a history of intimate partner violence.

Significant foreign personalities in El Salvador were the Jesuit priests and professors Ignacio Ellacuría, Ignacio Martín-Baró, and Segundo Montes, who were murdered in 1989 by the Salvadoran Army during the height of the civil war. In the 2007 census, 0.7% of the population was considered as «other».There are up to 100,000 Nicaraguans living in El Salvador. The number of indigenous people in El Salvador have been criticized by indigenous organizations and academics as too small and accuse the government http://www.pesti.co.il/?p=3592 of denying the existence of indigenous Salvadorans in the country. Nonetheless, very few Amerindians have retained their customs and traditions, having over time assimilated into the dominant Mestizo/Spanish culture. The low numbers of indigenous people may be partly explained by historically high rates of old-world diseases, absorption into the mestizo population, as well as mass murder during the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising which saw up to 30,000 peasants killed in a short period of time.

Census Bureau, it is not possible to distinguish between Hispanic women and Latinas in the dataset we used for our regression analysis. As such, we use the terms interchangeably except when reviewing the research findings specifically about Latina or Hispanic women. The disaggregation of the white male premium and Hispanic woman penalty detailed in Figure 7 sheds light on the mechanism through which the wage gap changes with rising education. Regardless of their level of education, white men benefit from approximately similar wage premiums—just above 20 percent.

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